, an officer in service, a Republican by political connection, but of limited political activity, and the Democrats adopted him and the other candidates named by the People
The movement had the important aid of the Springfield Republican, whose proprietor was absent for a vacation in Europe
, and who lived to regret the part his journal took in the canvass.2
Ultra-conservatism made its last struggle; and conspicuous among its leaders was Professor Joel Parker
, whose judicial temper was upset by Sumner
's ‘State-suicide’ doctrine, and who combined with his ability as a jurist antipathy to those who found more power in the Constitution
to deal with slavery than he could find.3
As soon as the opposition began to show itself there was a rally on the other side.
could always rely upon a reserved force among the people, a force consisting of those with whom the moral sentiments were uppermost,—Liberty Party men of 1844, Conscience Whigs of 1845 to 1847, Free Soilers of 1848 and 1852,—classes abounding in men of intellectual vigor.
They comprised the clergy in large numbers, teachers of advanced schools, and most of the editors of the country press.
If idealists, they were not idealists only, and they were a match—for practised party men in using effectively the weapons of political warfare.
As a body they were governed by no selfish considerations, and they went into a contest with a determined spirit, which meant not only the support of their own candidate, but war upon his assailants.
They were to be feared beyond their numbers in any conflict in which they took part, and politicians looking to preferment thought it prudent not to put themselves in their way.
This body of Sumner
's supporters, it should be remembered, was made up of men to whom he had never done a favor by help to office or otherwise, and who expected no such favor in the future; but during his career, at the slightest warning of