There is a very feverish dread in Boston, and I find the same here,1 of any breach with the President. It would be a terrible misfortune at this crisis to have a divided North, and especially to have the influence of the President thrown into the Democratic party. There was never a time when prudence and sagacity were so needed. If we cannot have all we need, we must take what we can get.The conflict between Congress and the President, which Sumner had foreseen for several months to be inevitable, came finally, February 19, when he vetoed the bill to enlarge the powers of the Freedmen's Bureau, following it three days later with a ribald speech to a crowd gathered at the White House, in which he put the Republican leaders opposed to him (Sumner among them) on a footing with Davis, Tooombs, and Slidell, and exalted, as was his habit, his own personal career. The veto and the harangue marked a distinct step in his departure from the Republican party. Then came his veto, March 27, of the Civil Rights bill, and July 16, of the second Freedmen's Bureau bill—the
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