furnish the original capital are the owners merely of so much stock
in the concern—not of all the land and other property, as you represent.
Suppose that capital to be fifty thousand dollars. At the end of the first year it is found that twenty-five thousand dollars have been added to the value of the property by Labor.
For this amount new stock
is issued, which is apportioned to Capital, Labor and Skill as impartial justice shall dictate—to the non-resident capitalist a certain proportion; to the working capitalist the same proportion, plus the excess of his earnings over his expenses; to the laborer that excess only.
The apportionment is repeated every year; and the proportion of the new stock assigned to Capital is such that when the property of the association is worth half a million, Capital will own about one-fifth of it. With regard to the practical working of association, I point you to the fact that association and civilization are one.
They advance and recede together.
In this age we have large steamboats, monster hotels, insurance, partnerships, joint stock companies, public schools, libraries, police, Odd Fellowship—all of which are exemplifications of the idea
upon which association is based; all of which work well as institutions, and are productive of incalculable benefits to mankind.
H. J. Raymond. Dec. 24th
. Of course;—but association assumes to shape and govern the details of social life
, which is a very different affair.
,” it appears, is to do all the cooking, another the gardening, another the ploughing.
But suppose that some who want to be cooks are enrolled in the gardening group.
They will naturally sneer at the dishes cooked by their rivals, perhaps form a party for the expulsion of the cooks, and so bring about a kitchen war. Then, who will consent to be a member of the boot-blacking, ditch-digging and sink-cleaning groups?
Such labors must be done, and groups must be detailed to do them.
Then, who is to settle the wages question?
Who is to determine upon the comparative
efficiency of each laborer, and settle the comparative value of his work?
There is the religious difficulty too, and the educational difficulty, the medical difficulty, and numberless other difficulties, arising from differences of opinion, so radical and so earnestly entertained as to preclude the possibility
of a large number of