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[215] must end his days. Precisely the same causes are in operation here, and, in due time, will produce precisely the same effects. There is need of a Social Re-formation!

H. J. Raymond. March 3d. You are mistaken. The statement that the laborers of the present day are worse off than those of former ages, has been exploded. They are not. On the contrary, their condition is better in every respect. Evils under the present Social System exist, great evils—evils, for the removal of which the most constant and zealous efforts ought to be made; yet they are very far from being as great or as general as the Associationists assert. The fact is indisputable, that, as a rule throughout the country, no honest man, able and willing to work, need stand idle from lack of opportunity. The exceptions to this rule are comparatively few, and arise from temporary and local causes. But we proceed to examine the fundamental principle of the Social System proposed to be substituted for that now established. In one word, that principle is Self-Indulgence! ‘Reason and Passion,’ writes Parke Godwin, the author of one of the clearest expositions of Socialism yet published, ‘will be in perfect accord: duty and pleasure will have the same meaning; without inconvenience or calculation, man will follow his bent: hearing only of Attraction, he will never act from necessity, and never curb himself by restraints.’ What becomes of the self-denial so expressly, so frequently, so emphatically enjoined by the New Testament? Fourierism and Christianity, Fourierism and Morality, Fourierism and Conjugal Constancy are in palpable hostility! We are told, that if a man has a passion for a dozen kinds of work, he joins a dozen groups; if for a dozen kinds of study, he joins a dozen groups; and, if for a dozen women, the System requires that there must be a dozen different groups for his full gratification! For man will follow his bent, and never curb himself by restraints!

Horace Greeley. March 12th. Not so. I re-assert what I before proved, that the English laborers of to-day are worse off than those of former centuries; and I deny with disgust and indignation that there is in Socialism, as American Socialists understand and teach it, any provision or license for the gratification of criminal passions or

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