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‘ [102] of Virginia and the Confederacy.... For an awful quarter of an hour the two lines stand confronting each other, here two hundred yards apart, there but forty, pouring in upon each other a close and unremitting fire. There was no shrinking. The Union infantry came up somewhat tumultuously, it is true, but courageously, and formed around the head of Longstreet's column, four ranks deep. Every field officer in Pickett's division except Pickett himself and one lieutenant-colonel had fallen. The field was won. One moment more and all is over. The most of the surviving Confederates throw themselves on the ground; others seek to escape capture, and retreat hurriedly down the hill and across the plain, which is once more shrieking with the fire of the artillery.... Thirty-three standards and four thousand prisoners are the fruit of that victory, ... while in the Second Division [of the Second Corps], on which fell the utmost weight of the great assault, five battalion commanders have been killed. Scarcely any regimental officers remain unwounded.’1

The 19th (Col. A. F. Devereux) and 20th (Capt. H. L. Abbott) were at one time especially exposed on the countercharge; but it ended in the capture of four flags by men of the 19th and in taking a very large number of prisoners. Colonel Devereux in his report especially compliments Lieut. Moses Shackley of his regiment, and Captain Abbott especially selects for praise Capt. (afterwards brevet brigadier-general) H. L. Patten, who was twice wounded, and Lieut. Henry Ropes, who was killed.2

More soldiers from Massachusetts than from any other State received medals of honor for special services in the battle of Gettysburg, all being from the 19th Mass. Infantry, namely: Corp. J. G. DeCastro (Co. I), for capture of flag of 19th Virginia; Sergt. B. F. Falls (Co. A), for capture of flag; Sergt. B. H. Jellison (Co. C), for capture of flag of 54th Virginia; Priv. John Robinson (Co. I), for capture of flag of 57th Virginia.3 More than twenty years afterward Capt. Edmund Rice, then captain in the 5th U. S. Infantry, received a medal of honor ‘for conspicuous bravery in leading his regiment in the countercharge against Pickett's division, himself ’

1 All these quotations are from the exceedingly vivid description of Pickett's charge by Gen. F. A. Walker in his Second Army Corps. pp. 298, 299.

2 See their reports in Official War Records, 43, p. 442-447. Captain Abbott says of Lieutenant Ropes, ‘His behavior in this battle was more conspicuous for coolness and absolute disregard of personal danger than any I ever witnessed in any other man,’ and gives a generous and noble analysis of his character, which is quoted and endorsed by Gen. F. A. Walker in his Second Army Corps, p. 302. See biographies of Patten, Ropes and Abbott in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 443; II, 97, 357.

3 Official War Records, 44, p. 282.

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