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[104] the deaths of some comrades, remarked amid a storm of bullets, ‘Shut your mouths, boys, and let your rifles do the talking.’1

When Meade forced the passage of the Rappahannock in pursuit of Lee a number of Massachusetts regiments and batteries took part (Nov. 7, 1863), only the 10th and 18th infantries sustaining losses, but not heavily.2 In the same way, in the more extended but somewhat ineffectual four days operations at Mine Run, Va. (Nov. 26-30, 1863), many Massachusetts regiments of the three arms of the service were engaged, actual losses falling only on the 1st Cavalry and the 1st, 9th, 11th, 15th and 16th infantries. Brig.-Gen. D. A. Russell of Massachusetts was designated to convey to the Adjutant-General seven captured battle flags and staff, ‘because of his conspicuous conduct as the leader of the storming party of the occasion.’3

During the subsequent winter quarters of Meade's army there was little fighting, but a scattering party of the 2d Mass. Cavalry was surprised and defeated at Drainsville (near Leesburg), Va. (Feb. 22, 1864), ten of the party being killed, including Capt. J. Sewell Read of San Francisco, the commander, and seven wounded and fifty-seven taken as prisoners. During the month of July, 1863, there occurred draft riots in New York and a few other cities, during which some forces were ordered to New York from the front and placed for a time under General Butler, some of these being Massachusetts regiments, but fortunately little actual military collision was required.4


Xxii. The Army of the Cumberland.

The only Massachusetts troops forming part of the Army of the Cumberland in 1863-64 were the 2d and 33d Infantry, but the service they rendered was important, and in the case of the latter peculiarly conspicuous. Troops being called for from the east to reinforce Rosecrans, two army corps were hastily sent, the 11th under Howard, the 12th under

1 Lincoln, p. 145.

2 The report of Col. Joseph Haves (18th Mass.), commanding brigade, is in Official War Records, 48, p. 580, and reports from Capts. J. H Sleeper (10th Mass. Battery) and A. P. Martin (3d Mass. Battery), on pp. 572, 583.

3 Letter of Major-General Meade in Official War Records, 48, p. 491. General Russell's report precedes. The storming party did not, however, consist of Massachusetts troops.

4 Correspondence, etc., in regard to the draft riots may be found in Official War Records, 44, pp. 875-940. Reports not otherwise quoted from Massachusetts officers in regard to military movements at Gettysburg will be found on pp. 71, 842, 853, 980; also in the preceding volume, 43, pp. 547-550, 607, 659, 673, 688, 884, 886, 1043. There is one also (p. 650) from Lieut.-Col. J. D. Greene, 17th U. S. Infantry, an officer of Massachusetts birth.

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