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[105] Slocum. The first of these included the 33d Mass. (Lieut.-Col. Godfrey Rider, Jr., Steinwehr's division) and the second included the 2d Mass. (Colonel Cogswell, Williams's division). The orders arriving Sept. 24, 1863, the troops travelled west by rail for a week ere reaching their new command. On October 29 a sudden call was made upon the 33d to carry a very steep fortified hill, some two hundred feet high, at Wauhatchie; the task being intrusted by General Hooker to Col. Orland Smith (73d Ohio), brigade commander, who selected for the purpose his own regiment and the 33d Mass., some four hundred men in all. The steepness of the hill made it very difficult of ascent by daylight, and in the night it was a formidable enterprise. When the Confederate breastworks were at last reached, a voice shouted in the darkness, ‘Don't fire on your friends,’ calling out in reply a frank announcement of the title of the regiment, which was followed by a volley in their very faces, killing or wounding nearly half their force; Lieutenant Mudge, the adjutant, being among the former, and Colonel Underwood among the latter, his thigh being so shattered that amputation became necessary. Falling back for a short time, the regiment was re-formed and renewed the charge, carrying the fort, with the aid of the 73d Ohio, and capturing a hundred prisoners, with many small arms. Besides the adjutant, Lieut. W. P. Mudge, the list of killed or mortally wounded included Lieuts. Joseph P. Burrage of Cambridge, James Hill of Danvers and Oswego Jones of Fall River, with 32 enlisted men. More than 60 were wounded. No less an authority than General Thomas says, in congratulating General Hooker, ‘The bayonet charge of Howard's troops, made up the side of a steep and difficult hill over two hundred feet high, completely routing the enemy from his barricades on top ... will rank among the most distinguished feats of arms of this war.’1

Again at Lookout Mountain, Nov. 24, 1863, the 33d took part in the ‘battle above the clouds,’ but with no casualty except in a few wounded and one missing. Col. Godfrey Ryder, Jr. (33d Mass.), was especially complimented in a report by Col. Orland Smith (73d Ohio, commanding brigade), as was Lieut. E. M. Cheney of the same regiment, who served as brigade quartermaster.2 Lieut. Arthur Macarthur, Jr. (then adjutant 24th Wisconsin), a native of Massachusetts, received a medal of honor ‘for ’

1 Official War Records, 54, p. 68. For a spirited report by Lieutenant-Colonel Ryder, see p. 103. The 33d went into action with only seven companies.

2 Official War Records, 55, p. 375. Lieutenant-Colonel Ryder's own report follows, p. 376.

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