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‘ [106] coolness and conspicuous bravery in action in seizing the colors of his regiment and planting them on the captured works on the crest of Missionary Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863.’ ‘When the color sergeant was exhausted, he carried the flag in front of the regiment, cheering the men to follow him up the ridge.’1 Both the 2d and 33d took active part in the battle of Resaca (May 13-16, 1864), the former losing 5 killed or mortally wounded. The 33d again made a fine charge, charging and carrying three fortified hills in succession, but having 24 killed or mortally wounded,2 including Lieuts. H. J. Parker of Townsend and E. L. Bumpus of Braintree. At Cassville, Ga., both regiments were engaged (May 19-22), with small loss. At Kenesaw Mountain they had several engagements in June, the 33d making another fine charge, and losing 11 killed or mortally wounded, including the 2d lieutenant, C. H. Lord of Ipswich. By July 17 the 33d had been reduced to a mere skeleton regiment. The 2d Mass. was in the breastworks before Atlanta from July 22, 1864, and on the 30th Lieutenant-Colonel Morse of that regiment, being field officer of the day, surprised the enemy's pickets in his front and captured them in their rifle-pits. The regiment was then ordered to the support of the picket line and hastily threw up breastworks. They were ‘within two hundred yards of the enemy's forts, and under a close and hot fire of his artillery, infantry and sharpshooters.’3 Here the regiment remained for six hours, resisting successfully severalefforts of the enemy to retake the hill where they were posted, having expended two hundred rounds of ammunition per man. They were relieved at last by another regiment of the same brigade, the 3d New Jersey, with a loss of 4 killed and mortally wounded. On the fall of Atlanta, Sept. 2, 1864, the regiment was placed on duty as provost guard, Colonel Cogswell being placed in command of the fort.

At Averysboroa, N. C., the two Massachusetts regiments were again engaged, the 2d losing 8 killed or mortally wounded and the 33d lost 1. As Sherman's army passed through the Carolinas and became united with the regiments which had served near the coast, various engagements took place, in one of which, at Kinston, N. C., the 23d Mass. (March 14, 1865), as previously stated, was involved and lost a few men.

1 Report of Maj.-Gen. Carl von Baumbach, commanding regiment. Official War Records, 55, 208.

2 Adjutant General's Report, January, 1865, p 780.

3 Colonel Cogswell's own narrative, in Adjutant General's Report, January, 1868, p. 213.

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William Cogswell (2)
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