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During a part of the above events a portion of the 9th Corps, under Brig.-Gen. R. B. Porter, was assigned to the Department of the Ohio, commanded by Maj.-Gen. A. E. Burnside. It included the 36th Mass. Infantry (Maj. A. A. Goodell), the 29th (Maj. Charles Chipman), the 35th (Maj. Nathaniel Wales) and the 21st (Lieut.-Col. G. P. Hawkes). They had many toilsome marches and small engagements in Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, having been transferred from North Carolina and having set out from Baltimore on March 24, 1863, to take part in the advance on Jackson, Miss., and the siege of Knoxville, Tenn. In the former attack several companies of the 36th Mass. did active duty as skirmishers on June 11 before the city, their colonel being in command of the brigade; and on the evacuation of Jackson the 35th Mass. in line of skirmishers were the first to enter the city, the 29th being the reserve. The losses of all these were small.1 At Blue Springs, Tenn. (October 10), there was a skirmish without actual loss, but in which Major Goodell of the 36th Infantry, a most valuable officer, was severely wounded; another at Lenoir's, Tenn. (November 15), without loss; and one near Campbell's Station (November 16), in which the 29th and 36th lost slightly. In this case there was a sharp attack by Hood upon three small regiments (the 36th Mass., the 8th Michigan and the 45th Pennsylvania), which narrowly escaped capture, the 36th being at this time under command of Maj. (afterwards general) W. F. Draper. In the siege of Knoxville, Tenn., the 21st, 29th, 35th and 36th Infantry were all engaged, with small losses for each; and it was the pickets of the 36th, under command of Capt. T. E. Ames of Co. B, which discovered and reported the raising of the siege by General Longstreet.

Xxiii. Shenandoah campaigns.

In the earlier portions of the war Massachusetts regiments took no part in the western campaigns, but an important part in the battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg landing2 (April 6, 1862) was performed by Col. Everett Peabody of the 25th Missouri, a Massachusetts man and a Harvard graduate. He at that time commanded a brigade, and was so sure of the surprise which had been planned against the Union troops that he sent out a scouting party,

1 Official War Records, 37, pp. 561, 573; 51, pp. 552, 553, 580.

2 ‘Some military critics hold that the fate of the Confederacy was determined on the fields of Shiloh.’ (Johnson's Short History of the War of Secession, p. 143.)

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