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[109] single brilliant victory,—that of Piedmont, June 5, when it crossed, as a part of Thoburn's division, a deep ravine to strike the right flank of the enemy. The division charged on the woods and heights, which were promptly abandoned by the Confederates, many of the latter rushing over the steep bank into the river. About 1,500 prisoners were taken by the Union troops, and the Confederate general, Vaughan, wrote to General Bragg, June 6, ‘Went into the fight yesterday with an aggregate of 5,600; I have not over 3,000 effectives.’1 The 34th Mass. lost on this occasion 24. It took part also in the unsuccessful attack on Lynchburg, June 17– 18, and in the affair at Snicker's Ferry, July 18; also at Winchester, Va., July 24-25, without loss.

The Army of the Shenandoah, as reorganized under Maj.-Gen. P. H. Sheridan (Aug. 31; 1864), contained the following Massachusetts forces:—

Army of the Shenandoah.

Cavalry Force.

First Division.—3d Brigade, 2d Mass. Cavalry, Lieut.-Col. Caspar Crowninshield.

Sixth Army Corps.

First Division.—3d Brigade, 7th Mass. Infantry (detachment); 10th Mass. (detachment); 37th Mass., Col. O. Edwards; Artillery Brigade, 1st Mass. Battery, Capt. W. H. McCartney.

Nineteenth Army Corps.

First Division.—1st Brigade, 30th Mass., Lieut.-Col. F. H. Whittier.

Second Division.—1st Brigade, 26th Mass., Col. A. B. Farr; 2d Brigade, 3d Mass. Cavalry (dismounted), Col. L. D. Sargent; 3d Brigade, 38th Mass., Col. J. P. Richardson.

Army of West Virginia.

1st Brigade, 34th Mass., Lieut.-Col. W. S. Lincoln.


At the head of the 3d Brigade, first division of the large cavalry force, was Colonel Charles R. Lowell, with his own regiment, the 2d Mass. Cavalry, brigaded under him, all the rest of the brigade being regulars. This was the Massachusetts contingent under Sheridan in his Shenandoah campaign. This campaign was on the defensive until the opposing force

1 Pond, p. 27.

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