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[11] D. W. Wardrop), which was mainly from Plymouth County.1 It had ninety-seven members, no other company in the regiment having more than seventy-eight, and one having but twenty-four members. Officers were selected in the manner usual for militia companies, Colonel Lawrence presiding at the election. James P. Richardson was chosen captain, Samuel E. Chamberlain first lieutenant, Edwin F. Richardson second, John Kinnear third and Francis M. Doble fourth lieutenant. This was according to the old ‘Scott’ system, but it is a satisfaction to know that when, under the new (Hardee) system, the number of lieutenants was cut down to two, both Messrs. Kinnear and Doble continued with the company as sergeants, and served during the three months. It was especially manly in Mr. Kinnear, whose name had stood first on the enlistment paper. First Lieutenant (afterwards general) Chamberlain was the only member of the company who had seen military service,—in the Mexican war,—and he was naturally placed next to the highest in command. He had been a member both of the police force and the fire department of Cambridge,2 and had much influence and authority among his fellow-recruits. Of the whole number of members in this pioneer company (ninety-seven) all but two re-enlisted at the end of the three months service, twenty-seven received commissions in other regiments and twenty-one died in the service.3

These facts have been given thus at length, because this process of company formation represented that which was soon going on all over the State, in some cases for three months service, in others for three years. Even the regularly summoned militia companies had often more new recruits than old members; but this company of Captain Richardson's appears to have been the only essentially new company among the Massachusetts three months troops. The circumstances under which these were collectively called out will be presently stated.

In the resolutions of the Massachusetts Legislature on the death of Gen. William Cogswell, it was assumed for him that he recruited the first company in this State for the Civil War.4 The facts in regard to the Cambridge

1 Adjutant-General's report, January, 1862, pp. 9, 13.

2 Manuscript letter from General Chamberlain, April 22, 1895.

3 Paige's History of Cambridge, p. 433, note.

4 ‘As a soldier he manifested a loyal and patriotic devotion to his country by raising the first volunteer company for the late war.’ Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography makes a similar statement: ‘In 1861 he raised the first company of volunteers for the national cause in Massachusetts.’

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