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[114] Albert L. Tilden of the 26th Infantry, and Geo. F. Whitcomb of the 30th; also Maj. W. F. Clark of the 30th. No loss, however, was so deeply felt as that of Col. Charles Russell Lowell, whose commission as brigadier-general had been signed that day. He commanded the reserve or regular brigade, which had held during the morning, dismounted, a stone wall from which it could not be displaced. Sheridan himself said of him: ‘I do not think there was a quality which I could have added to Lowell. He was the perfection of a man and of a soldier.’1 Gen. Merritt, commanding the First Cavalry division, wrote of him: ‘His fall cast a gloom on the entire command. No one in the field appreciated his worth more than his division commander. He was wounded painfully in the early part of the day, soon after which I met him; he was suffering acutely from his wound, but to ask him to leave the field was to insult him, almost; a more gallant soldier never buckled a sabre. His coolness and judgment on the field were unequalled.... Young in years, he died too early for his country, leaving a brilliant record for future generations, ending a career which gave bright promise of yet greater future usefulness and glory.’2 The 2d Mass. Cavalry, as a part of Lowell's command, had acted as rear guard during Sheridan's retreat from Cedar Creek to Strasburg, and had sustained some losses in killed and prisoners. Again it took part in a skirmish at Berryville, Sept. 3, 1864, and sustained, with the 34th Infantry, some slight losses. Again at Waynesboroa, September 28, when Torbert's cavalry corps was superintending the destruction of a railway bridge, having burned the station, it was attacked by a portion of Early's force, and the 2d Mass. Cavalry lost some killed and prisoners.


Xxiv. The final campaign in Virginia.

We now pass to the great campaign of the war, and to battles which dwarfed all that had preceded, for the Massachusetts troops as for all others. In 1864 Congress had passed a bill reviving the grade of lieutenantgen-eral, and it had been conferred at once upon General Grant by President Lincoln, the two meeting for the first time when the commission was conferred.3

1 Pond's Shenandoah Valley, p. 240.

2 Official War Records, 91, p. 451. There is a memoir of General Lowell in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 696.

3 ‘A year and a month later, the war was ended, Grant was the foremost soldier in the world and Lincoln was in his grave.’ (Johnson's Short History, p. 365.)

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