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‘ [117] by turns, firing sometimes into their own ranks, and guided often only by the crackling of the bushes or the cheers and cries that arose from the depths around.’ Gen. F. A. Walker, who was also in it, after endorsing this description by quoting it, adds: ‘Of those that survived, many had not beheld an enemy, yet the tangled forest had been alive with flying missiles; the whistling of the bullets had been incessant; the very trees seemed peopled by spirits that shrieked and groaned during those hours of mortal combat.’1 He adds: ‘All the peculiar advantages of the Army of the Potomac were sacrificed in the jungle fighting into which they were thus called.’

In this battle, so remote from the modern type of contest (with its tactics, its entrenchments, its long-range firing and its smokeless powder), twenty-three Massachusetts infantry regiments were engaged, with losses in killed and mortally wounded varying from ninety-four to one, and making in the aggregate nearly five hundred. The regiment suffering the severest loss was the 57th, or Second Veteran Regiment, under Col. W. F. Bartlett, and that having the smallest the 13th, which had taken elsewhere its ample share. The 57th took into battle, according to Fox's tables, 545, and had 94 killed or mortally wounded, this being 17 per cent., or the largest among all the regiments engaged.2 The others were the 1st, 7th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22d, 28th, 32d, 36th, 37th, 39th, 56th, 58th and 59th. Those suffering most seriously, after the 57th, were the 37th, 9th, 20th and 10th, in the order here given.3 The 35th Mass. Infantry was detailed as a guard for the supply trains, and met with no loss, as was also the case with the 3d, 5th, 9th, 10th and 11th light batteries, which were also engaged. In this battle Col., afterwards Gen., W. F. Bartlett was very severely wounded in the head, and did not again return to his regiment;4 and among the killed or mortally wounded in the regiment were Capt. J. W. Gird and Second Lieut. J. M. Childs, both of Worcester. Other Massachusetts officers killed or mortally wounded

1 Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 414.

2 Fox's Regimental Losses, p. 30. The percentage of this regiment, though it served actively for less than a year, was the highest among the Massachusetts regiments, and highest, with two exceptions, in the whole army. (Fox, p. 8.)

3 The details of casualties in all these cases will be found under the head of the respective regiments, later in the volume.

4Brigadier-General Webb speaks highly of the conduct of Colonel (now brigadier-general) Bartlett of the 57th Mass.’ (General Hancock's report, Official War Records, 67, p. 326.)

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Thomas B. Fox (3)
W. F. Bartlett (3)
F. A. Walker (2)
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Hancock (1)
J. W. Gird (1)
J. M. Childs (1)
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