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[119] they could be used no longer, when they were exchanged for guns of another regiment.1 General McAllister's Brigade of the Fourth Division, including the 1st and 16th Mass. Infantry, also took a most active part.2

General Hancock in his report speaks of the ‘magnificent charge’ made by Birney's and Barlow's division on the 12th of May, and says, ‘it stands unsurpassed for daring, courage and brilliant success.’3 These divisions included, as will be seen by referring to the list of regiments, many Massachusetts organizations. In his report of flags captured, he mentions First Sergeant S. G. Viall and Sergeant Daniel Murphy (both of 19th Mass.) as each capturing a flag.4 The latter received a medal of honor soon after. Private F. M. Whitman (Co. G, 35th Mass.) also received one, ten years later, ‘for distinguished services in action at Antietam and Spotsylvania.’ The second brigade of Barlow's division in the 2d Army Corps, that division which, according to Gen. F. A. Walker, ‘made skirmishing a profession,’5 included the 28th Mass., Lieutenant-Colonel Cartwright. One of the most distinguished division commanders (in the 6th Corps) was Brig.-Gen. David A. Russell of Massachusetts; while another (in the 9th Corps) was Brig.-Gen. T. G. Stevenson; and among the brigade commanders were Brig.-Gen. H. L. Eustis, Col. N. A. Miles and S. H. Leonard, all of Massachusetts. Col. N. A. Miles won at this battle his promotion as brigadier-general,6 and ‘among regimental commanders Col. William Blaisdell of the 11th Mass. Infantry deserves especial mention for unflinching determination in holding his line against the most desperate assaults.’7

The most distinguished Massachusetts officer killed at Spotsylvania was Brig.-Gen. Thomas Greely Stevenson, originally colonel of the 24th Mass. Infantry, who had served with distinction in North and South Carolina, and was at the time of his death in command of the First Division of the 9th Army Corps. Another important officer who fell was Lieut.-Col. Waldo Merriam of the 16th Mass. Infantry, who had rendered valuable service

1 General Edwards's Brigade at the Bloody Angle, by James L. Bowen, in Century War Book, IV, 177.

2 See description by Gen. Robert McAllister in Century War Book, IV, 176.

3 Official War Records, 67, p. 339.

4 Official War Records, 67. p. 348.

5 See his eloquent description of the way they did their work (2d Army Corps, 451).

6Generals Miles and Brooke had been conspicuous on every battlefield ... not more for their indomitable valor than for their command over men; their calm intelligence, over which the smoke of battle never cast a cloud; their resistless energy in assault; their ready wit and abounding resources in disaster.’ (Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 479.)

7 Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 479.

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