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[12] company seem to disprove this statement; but, since that company did not serve three years, it may perhaps be true that General (then captain) Cogswell's company was the first enlisted and serving for that whole period. It appears that this officer was one of twenty privates of the Salem Cadets who volunteered to escort Captain Devereux's company (‘A’ of 7th M. V. M.) to Boston on April 18, 1861, this company having been known both as the Salem Light Infantry and the Salem Zouaves; and on his returning to Salem that night he determined to raise a company for himself, and began recruiting on April 20.1 The company was named the Andrew Light Guard; it went into camp at Camp Webb on Winter Island, Salem harbor, April 22;2 on May 8 Governor Andrew requested Colonel (afterwards general) Gordon to receive it into the 2d Regiment, then forming;3 and it reported May 14 with seventy-five men, Captain Abbott having, however, previously reported with a full company.4 Supposing Captain Cogswell's to be the first company formed for the 2d Regiment, it could only have priority over Captain Richardson's by claiming that it was a ‘volunteer’ company, and that of Richardson only a ‘volunteer militia’ company. But the language of the original call shows clearly that this company was gathered expressly for the war for the Union and not for militia service within the State; and if it called itself in the enlistment roll a militia company, it was because there was as yet no other way of getting into the service. It was certainly an added merit, if it enlisted actually in advance of any public national call.


IV. the three months regiments.

The first call made on Massachusetts for troops was by a telegraphic despatch from Senator Wilson, dated at Washington, April 15, requesting twenty companies to be sent to Washington and there mustered into service. During that day similar despatches were received by telegraph from the Secretary of War and the Adjutant-General, with formal requisitions for two militia regiments. Four regiments were accordingly called out, that, if necessary, strong companies might be detached from the weaker regiments, and so the maximum might be obtained.5 Orders were accordingly issued to

1 Manuscript letter of Capt. J. P. Reynolds (Sept. 7, 1895).

2 Quint's 2d Mass. Infantry, p. 12.

3 Gordon's Organization, etc., of 2d Regiment, pp. 11, 14.

4 Quint's 2d Mass. Infantry, List of Officers, etc.

5 Schouler, I, 50.

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