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[133] deal of such manuscript material, but in this he has had only a limited success.1

It has been attempted to deal as much as possible with facts and as little with eulogy, except as this is quoted from commanding officers, such eulogies being, properly speaking, a part of the facts. The total credit of Massachusetts, as a single State, lies, if anywhere, in the claim (1) that she was very promptly in the field; (2) that there was a certain high average standard in her regiments; (3) that they never even once conspicuously disgraced themselves; (4) that she yielded soldiers and sailors not merely up to her quota but considerably beyond it; (5) that she had a governor who appreciated the situation; (6) that, while she did not produce a single professional soldier of the very highest rank,2 she produced a series of young men, before untried,—of whom Lowell, Bartlett and Miles were perhaps the most striking instances,—who exhibited, by admission of all, not merely the most daring courage but a certain genius for war. Thus far we are on safe ground; it will hardly be denied that all this may be claimed for Massachusetts.

As to numbers, the (State) Adjutant-General's report for January, 1866,3 claims the total number of men supplied to be 159,165, including 26,163 in the navy. This estimate includes re-enlisted veterans, who may not be included in the U. S. report. The final report from the Adjutant-General's office at Washington on the statistics of the war (1885) reports from Massachusetts 122,781 white troops, 3,966 colored troops and 19,983 sailors, making in all 146,730 men, of whom 13,942 died in the war. The only States surpassing Massachusetts in total number were New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana; the same proportion existing in the number of deaths, with the addition that Michigan also slightly exceeded Massachusetts in the proportion of these.

1 He has, however, obtained possession, by gift or purchase, of the following original manuscripts, which will be preserved as the property of the Commonwealth: 1. 15th Mass. Infantry. Diary of Sergt. S. W. Armington [in field and in prison] (purchased). 2. 18th Mass. Infantry. Lieut. and Brevet Maj. Erastus W. Everson. Manuscript list of casualties in Massachusetts regiments; also two volumes of personal reminiscence (purchase and gift). 3. 20th Mass. Infantry. One volume of letters and other historical material relating especially to Cos. B, etc , from the estate of S. R. Urbino, Esq., of Newtonville (gift). 4. 53d Mass. Infantry. A large scrap-book, with a great variety of historical material (purchased). It is eminently desirable that the Commonwealth should ultimately become the possessor of as many as possible of these papers, including the records of the various regimental associations.

2 See Walker's 2d Army Corps (p. 129) for an admirable delineation and comparison of two of the ablest general officers whom Massachusetts contributed,—Sumner and Couch.

3 P. 16.

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