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The tables in the successive reports of the State Adjutant-General show that every city and town in the State filled its quota upon every call made by the President, and that, except in twelve small towns, each city and town furnished a surplus over all demands, amounting in the aggregate to 15,178.1 This number has since been considerably increased by the addition of sailors finally credited to Massachusetts, the whole number of whom now exceeds 30,000; and it does not include five companies furnished for the New York Mozart Regiment and some 600 men of the 99th New York (recruited by Colonel Wardrop, formerly of the 3d Mass.), who did not form a part of the Massachusetts quota. Every colored man recruited out of the State and every German brought from Germany might be deducted, and leave a large balance in favor of Massachusetts. There is, however, no reason why they should be deducted, since it was plainly the duty of every State to seek recruits from beyond its borders for the aid of the republic, so long as it did not substitute them for its own citizens. The total amount of bounty paid to all recruits by the State, up to Dec. 1, 1865, was $11,685,987.60.2

The only important instance of the incorporation into Massachusetts regiments of whole companies raised out of the State was as follows: after the formation of the 2d Cavalry had been determined on, an offer was received from California to raise a company there, to be counted on the quota of Boston. A company was accordingly thus organized on Dec. 10, 1862, at San Francisco, and reached Camp Meigs at Readville, Jan. 3, 1863, under command of Capt. J. Sewell Read of San Francisco,—afterward killed in service,—the second lieutenant being also from that city and the first lieutenant from Boston. Afterwards a whole battalion was enlisted in California, reaching Boston April 16, 1863, and consisting of four companies (E, F, L and M). Of these, the first three were commanded wholly by California line officers, while the last had a second lieutenant from Massachusetts. The men were natives of almost every State in the Union, enlisted with no Massachusetts bounty.

Some account of the colored troops enlisted by Massachusetts has been previously given, there being in addition a regiment of cavalry (the 5th Mass. Cavalry) composed of colored men, under white officers, and having

1 Adjutant-General's Report (January, 1866), pp. 15, 17, 23. Compare Bowen, p. 82.

2 Mass. Adjutant-General's Report, p. 25.

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