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[17] provision now seems, it enabled Massachusetts to be first in the breach, and perhaps to save Washington.

But the actual enlistment of soldiers was only one of the many ways in which the aroused public sentiment showed itself. Cheques and other gifts were received from individuals, for sums from ten thousand dollars downward, William Gray and Gardner Brewer each giving the former sum. The Boston banks offered to loan the State, without security, the sum of three million, six hundred thousand dollars for war purposes, and offered to the secretary of the treasury to take, with the banks of New York and Philadelphia, their share of one hundred and fifty million dollars in treasury notes. Secretary Chase said that when the credit of the government needed the support of some great financial leader, he found it in Mr. Samuel Hooper of Boston, ‘to whom I am indebted,’ he said, ‘for more assistance than any other man in the country.’ He also said, ‘I sent the first treasury note that was ever signed to Mr. Edward Wallace of Salisbury, Mass., in recognition of his having been the first man in the country to offer a loan to the government without interest.’

Drs. George H. Lyman and Wm. J. Dale at once organized a medical department, which maintained its efficiency to the very end of the war.1 The former had for some time been studying for just such service, in anticipation of war; and the latter wrote thus: ‘On the sixteenth day of April, 1861, I was called from my professional pursuits by Governor Andrew to assist Dr. George H. Lyman in furnishing medical supplies for the 6th Regiment, and I continued under direction of the governor to perform conjointly with Dr. Lyman such duties as were incidental to a medical bureau until the 13th of June, 1861, when I was commissioned surgeon-general of Massachusetts, with the rank of colonel.’2 Many of the first physicians of Boston at the same time offered their services to attend gratuitously the families of soldiers. Lawyers agreed to take charge of the legal business of young lawyers who might enlist. The Rev. W. H. Cudworth of East Boston, not content with offering his services as chaplain for the first three years regiment, announced to his congregation that, if his services were not needed, he should devote his usual salary to the common cause, and that his organist and sexton would do the same; he, moreover, advised that the money which had been raised for a new church should be devoted

1 Schouler, I, 54.

2 Schouler, I, 54.

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