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[18] to the soldiers, and that they should be content with the old building until the war should be over. These things but feebly illustrate the outburst of patriotism inspired by the war. And when it is remembered that Massachusetts was represented, at this time, by Charles Sumner and Henry Wilson in the United States Senate, and by Charles Francis Adams at the Court of St. James, it may fairly be claimed that she began the period of the great civil war in a becoming manner.

The 6th Mass. Infantry, which has been called with propriety the State's one historic regiment, now demands a special consideration. This organization had the undying honor of being the first regiment to reach Washington, fully organized and equipped, at the call of the President. It was brought together at Lowell on the 16th of April, the morning after the proclamation was issued, the officers of the regiment having previously held a meeting on Jan. 21, 1861, at the suggestion of Gen. B. F. Butler, and offered its services to the government. As gathered, the regiment included four companies from Lowell, two from Lawrence, one from Groton, one from Acton and one from Worcester. In Boston, which was reached at 1 P. M., there were added a Boston company and a Stoneham company, making eleven in all, or about seven hundred men. These men were among the very first fruits of the enlistment, entering the service without a bounty; in many cases wholly new to drill and discipline, untried even in the musterfield. Their heterogeneous uniform was characteristic of the period. Seven of the companies wore blue uniform coats, dark or light, sometimes with red trousers; four companies wore gray, with buff or yellow trimmings.1 Some companies had two lieutenants, some had four; some had learned the old ‘Scott’ drill,2 others the ‘Hardee’ tactics, then a novelty, afterwards universal.

Passing through Boston, New York and Philadelphia, the regiment was received with enthusiasm, but in the last-named city, or just after leaving it, Col. Edward F. Jones, the commander, received intimation that the passage through Baltimore would be disputed. He accordingly went through the cars and personally issued an order saying that the regiment would march through Baltimore in column of sections, arms at will; that

1 Hanson's 6th Regiment, p. 20.

2 For the early use of Scott's tactics, see Comte de Paris, Civil War, I, 273; England's Evolution of a Life, p. 144; Parker's 32d Mass., pp. 12, 29. Hardee was used for rifles only.

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