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[21] or five hundred men, only thirty-four of whom were furnished with firearms. ‘Apart from these, there was not a charge of powder in the five companies,’ says the official historian of the Pennsylvania soldiers, adding that ‘great solicitude was felt by the State officials at Harrisburg for the safety of these unarmed and defenceless men.’1

The Philadelphia men reached Washington at 7 P. M., April 18, and the Logan Guards sent in its morning report to the Adjutant-General on the next day. On the same day (April 19) the 6th Mass. Infantry arrived at 9 P. M.

Governor Andrew had sent to Washington, in advance of the 6th Mass. Infantry, Phineas S. Davis (afterwards killed, in 1864, as colonel of the 39th Mass. Infantry); and under arrangements perfected by him, the regiment was quartered in the Senate Chamber, and was the main reliance for the defence of the city until the arrival of the later regiments, the 8th and 5th, with the 7th New York, by way of Annapolis. It is well to record here that in the following July, after the battle of Bull Run, when the term of the 6th had expired, it remained in service at the governor's request, on his assurance that the Capitol was still in danger and not a regiment could be spared. A vote of thanks for this service was passed by the National House of Representatives. But it was a finer compliment when the anxious Lincoln said to the wounded soldiers of the 6th Mass. at Washington: ‘I begin to believe that there is no North. The 7th Regiment is a myth. Rhode Island is a myth. You are the only reality.’2

V. The route through Annapolis.

Next to the early service of the 6th M. V. M., the most conspicuous was that of the 8th M. V. M. in its march to Washington via Annapolis.

The circumstances of this advance were at first greatly misapprehended,

1 Bates, History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, I, 6. The companies were the Logan Guards (to which the thirty-four armed men belonged), the Allen Guards, the Washington Artillery, the National Light Infantry and the Ringgold Artillery. The latter had been expressly required to leave its field pieces and equipments behind at Harrisburg, but the men carried their sabres. It does not appear that any of these except the thirty-four armed men of the Logan Guards were uniformed. Arms, ammunition and equipments were furnished them in Washington. (Bates, I, 7.) The whole number in the lists of the five companies as given by Bates is four hundred and eighty-two; but the vote of thanks passed by Congress, July 22, 1861, calls them ‘the five hundred and thirty soldiers from Pennsylvania who passed through the mob of Baltimore.’ (Bates, I, pp. 7-12.) It is probable that the framer of this resolution mistakenly included in his count the regular troops from the 4th Artillery, under Lieutenant Pemberton, who to the number of forty or fifty accompanied the Pennsylvania men only as far as Fort McHenry. (Bates, I, 5.)

2 Nicolay and Hay, IV, 153.

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