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[35] afterwards, ‘literally boiled with bullets,’ they had the glory of a severe engagement, if not of victory, about half of each regiment being killed, wounded or missing.1

Col. W. R. Lee of the 20th was captured, with the major and surgeon, four captains (three wounded), the adjutant and two other lieutenants. The major and surgeon were both grandsons of the revolutionary hero, Paul Revere.2 A captain and two lieutenants of the 20th were killed, one of the latter being young William Lowell Putnam, whose great grandfather, Judge Lowell, inserted the anti-slavery clause in the Bill of Rights of Massachusetts. Putnam, when the surgeon came to dress his wound in the hospital, said, ‘Go to some one else; you cannot save me.’ The boy-lieutenant of the 15th, John William Grout of Worcester, barely eighteen and fresh from a military school, took a load of wounded across the stream, under fire, returned for another, sent it off while he remained, then went to his colonel and asked, ‘Is there anything more that I can do?’ and, on being told that there was nothing, swam the stream himself and was shot and killed when half-way across. Dr. Haven of the same regiment and Dr. Hayward of the 20th decided, as the former wrote afterwards, ‘to remain and be taken, and get off what men we could.’3 Capt. Moses W. Gatchell (15th Mass.) was also killed.

Major-General Stone, in his official report, pays the highest tribute to the behavior of Colonel Devens and his command, as ‘exhibiting every proof of high courage and good discipline,’ and attributes the entire calamity to the fact that the cavalry scouts, upon whom Devens had relied to give him information as to the approach of the enemy, had been withdrawn without his knowledge.4


X. Filling up the regiments.

After the battle of Ball's Bluff, the mayor of Worcester sent a messenger to enquire of Colonel Devens what the city could do for the 15th Mass., which had been recruited there. The answer was: ‘Send us three hundred and ten men to fill our gaps; also a blanket and a pair of mittens ’

1 ‘Fifty per cent.’ (Report of Lieutenant Colonel Palfrey, Official War Records, V, 318.)

2 See their memoirs in Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 124, 219.

3 See memoirs of Grout and Haven in Marvin's Worcester in the War, pp. 456, 468.

4 Official War Records, V, 296.

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