previous next


Over brevet appointments Governor Andrew had of course no control, though he sometimes gave suggestions. These brevets were showered from the beginning of the war until long after its close, with a profusion that became an undoubted evil, and, being often the result of personal solicitation or lobbying, had much to do with that constant presence of military officers in Washington, which afforded much amusement to foreign visitors. There were of course many instances where brevets were the direct recognition of brave deeds, but there was a large number of cases where they came simply from political influence and sometimes from the direct neglect of duty, as evidenced by men's hanging round the Capitol at Washington instead of being at their places in the field.1

Xi. The Naval service.

Massachusetts, being a seaside State and long the nursery of the merchant service, was naturally among the leading States for the supply of seamen. At the outset of the war the legal maximum of the navy was 7,600 men. Of these there were on March 10, 1861, only 207 in all the ports and receiving ships on the Atlantic coast.2 In July, 1863, there were 34,000 men in the service, and when the war ended, 51,500. In the last months of the war a bounty of $1,010 was sometimes paid for a single seaman.3 The official statistics show that of this vast addition to the numbers of the navy Massachusetts contributed a larger share than any State except New York; indeed, nearly 20,000, or nearly one-fifth of the whole number.4

1 As to the constant applications for brevets, see Palfrey's Bartlett, p. 157; Comte de Paris (translation), I, 22.

2 Soley's The Blockade and the Cruisers, p. 19.

3 Soley, p. 10.

4 Total number of sailors and marines furnished by the States:—

District of Columbia,1,353
New Hampshire,882
New Jersey,8,129
New York,35,164
Rhode Island,1,878

(Official statement from the Adjutant-General's office, July 15, 1885; Heitman's Historical Register of the U. S. Army, p. 890.) Phisterer, an able statistician, claims, in his New York in the Civil War (p. 43), that the whole number serving in the U. S. Navy during the war was 132,554, of which New York furnished 50,936. He attempts no list of officers in the volunteer navy.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Soley (2)
Historical Register (1)
Phisterer (1)
Comte Paris (1)
F. W. Palfrey (1)
Heitman (1)
John A. Andrew (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
July 15th, 1885 AD (1)
July, 1863 AD (1)
March 10th, 1861 AD (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: