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‘ [44] damaged; her turret so jammed as to prevent its turning, many of the bolts of both turret and pilot-house broken, and the latter rendered nearly untenable by flying bolts and nuts.’1 His vessel assisted, as a reserve, in the capture of the Atlanta in Wassaw Sound, on June 17, and assisted in covering General Gillmore's batteries on Folly Island, July 10, an engagement in which the Nahant was hit six times. He joined with the other commanders of iron-clads in a letter in May, vindicating the cause of Admiral Dahlgren in declining to attack Charleston harbor with the monitors.2

A Massachusetts officer, Capt. (afterwards admiral) John A. Winslow, commanded the Kearsarge when it finally destroyed the Alabama, and put an end to its destructive career on June 19, 1863. His brief and modest despatch to the War Department on this occasion is one of the classics of the Civil War, and is in curious contrast with the burst of enthusiasm which hailed his victory. ‘There was no occurrence during the war,’ says Admiral Porter, ‘more grateful to the Northern people. . . . Winslow became the hero of the hour, for he had not only disposed of a most troublesome enemy, but he had demonstrated the superiority of a United States ship, crew and guns over an English built, English armed and English manned vessel of equal if not superior force.’3

In the attack on Fort Pulaski, and again in that on Charleston, Ensign M. L. Johnson was commended in orders. In the latter attack Lieut.-Com. W. D. Whiting commanded the gunboat Ottawa. Acting Master's Mate E. Boomer commanded the Granite in the Burnside expedition against Roanoke Island, Acting Master Peter Hayes the Morse, and Acting Master's Mate G. W. Graves the Lockwood. The latter also took part in the reduction of New Berne. All these were Massachusetts officers.

In the daring though ineffectual boat attack on Fort Sumter, Sept. 8, 1863, one of the five divisions of boats was commanded by Lieut. (now captain) F. J. Higginson. He was ordered to move up to the north-west front of the fort, to make a diversion, the other divisions being held back; but, mistaking the movement, the other boats dashed on, and, as it seemed impossible to stop them, all were ordered to advance.4 Acting Master's Mate J. E. Jones of the Monticello accompanied Lieut. Wm. B. Cushing in one of his daring expeditions up the Wilmington River, June 23, 1864. In

1 Porter, p. 376.

2 Ammen's Atlantic Coast, p. 162.

3 Porter, p. 655.

4 Porter, p. 448.

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