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 On Jan. 19, 1863, five companies of the 51st Mass. Infantry were in action at Young's Cross Roads, N. C., but without loss. There were engagements round New Berne, one at Deep Gully March 14, 1863, when Colonel Pickett (25th Mass.) held an outpost with much risk but small loss,1 and another March 14, when Lieut. Joseph W. Lawton of Ware (27th Mass.) and several others were killed. In an attack on Fort Anderson May 14 Lieut. N. S. Barstow (24th Mass.), acting signal officer, especially compliments his flagman, Timothy S. Marsh of Co. D, 21st Mass., for having behaved with admirable coolness under very severe fire; and the chief signal officer, Capt. D. A. Taylor (3d N. Y. Artillery), says in submitting the report that Lieutenant Barstow is ‘far too modest in describing his own share of the work,’ and proceeds to give ampler details of its perils.2 The Signal Corps of twenty-eight second lieutenants, detailed largely from Massachusetts regiments, was an important element in the North Carolina campaign. Two companies of the 27th (G and H), being left at Plymouth, N. C., on garrison duty, had an encounter at Winfield or Rocky Hoc March 23, 1863, with slight loss. During the siege of Washington, N. C., March 30– April 16, Major-General Foster reports the 27th and 44th Mass. infantries as having ‘behaved nobly,’ though happily with small loss. He also complimented the 45th for ‘the efficient and soldierly manner’ in which they had served as provost guard at New Berne.3 On May 22, 1863, the 27th Mass. sustained some loss at Gum Swamp, where it had marched fifteen miles, in single file through dense woods, to surprise the enemy; and on. the following day Cos. A and I of the 46th sustained most honorably their position at an outpost under Colonel Jones of the 58th Pennsylvania. After this commander was killed the two companies held an advanced redoubt, under Captain Tifft, when the rest of the force had fallen back several miles; but were finally relieved. Sergt. A. S. Bryant of Co. A was made sergeant-major and received a medal of honor, ten years later, for ‘gallantry in action’ at this engagement. At Bachelor's (or Batchelder's) Creek, N. C., during the defence of New Berne, Feb. 1-3, 1864, Lieutenant-Colonel Fellows of the 17th Mass. was
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