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[54] occasion, having formed their line upon Lieutenant-Colonel Guiney and his two standard bearers, who advanced before them, the commander calling ‘Men, follow your colors,’ they withstood nine successive charges of the enemy. Eleven officers of the 9th fell in that battle, including Capts. William Madigan, James E. McCafferty of Boston, John Carey of Marlborough, Jeremiah O'Neil of Medford, with Lieuts. R. P. Nugent of Boston and Francis O'Dowd of Medford. The 22d lost its colonel, Jesse A. Gove,—the first of the Massachusetts colonels to fall,—with Capt. J. F. Dunning of Boston and Lieut. T. F. Salter of Haverhill of the 22d and Lieut. C. C. E. Mortimer of the 3d Battery.1 More bayonet wounds are said to have been inflicted in the battle of Gaines's Mill than in any other contest of the war.

Gen. Fitz John Porter, commanding the 5th Army Corps, wrote to Governor Andrew, July 26, 1862: ‘No troops could have behaved better than did the 9th and 22d regiments and Martin's Battery [the 3d] and portions of Allen's [the 5th], or done more to add to our success.’2

During the retreat of McClellan the Massachusetts regiments suffered little at Peach Orchard or at Savage's Station, but at Glendale (June 30) and Malvern Hill (July 1) they were largely engaged, with losses extending through many regiments.

At the battle of Glendale, June 30, which, in the words of the Comte de Paris, ‘was remarkable for its fierceness among all that have drenched the American forests with blood,’ General Hooker attributed the salvation of the army to the constancy and courage of the 16th Mass. Infantry, under Col. Powell T. Wyman, who had come from Europe expressly to offer his services to Governor Andrew, and fell at Glendale, mortally wounded, at the head of his regiment.3 During the seven days battles the flagstaff of the 16th was broken in three places, and was brought away by Color Sergeant Jonas F. Capelle, who was subsequently promoted to be captain. But the 1st, 19th and 20th regiments lost more men at Glendale than the 16th, Majors H. J. How4 of the 19th and C. P. Chandler of

1 ‘Every regiment suffered, but the 22d Massachusetts most of all.’ (General Martindale's report, Official War Records, XI (2), 291 ) The reports of Maj. W. S. Tilton and Capt. W. S. Sampson are in the same volume, pp. 300-306.

2 Adjutant-General's report, January, 1863, p. 31. A report by Capt. A P. Martin, giving a spirited account of the action of his battery, is in Official War Records, XI (2), 284.

3 See extract from his letter to Governor Andrew. (Adjutant-General's report, January, 1865, p. 522.)

4 See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, II. 31. ‘One of the most valuable and brave officers in the service.’ (Brig.-Gen. N. J. T. Dana, Official War Records, XI (2), 95.)

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