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[60] and occupy it, the remainder of the regiment to follow when arrived from the North. Arriving at Galveston Colonel Burrell was advised by the naval officers at the station to take up regimental quarters in an unoccupied building on a wharf, with their assurance that the gunboats could repel any possible attack from a force however large. Early in the morning of Jan. 1, 1863, an attack was made by the enemy and several Confederate gunboats and a ram entered the harbor. A hard fight took place, and meanwhile Colonel Burrell placed his men behind barricades on the wharf, and they defended themselves with courage, but not being adequately sustained by the gunboats they were compelled to surrender, the enemy's force turning out many times larger than their own, and having many pieces of artillery. The 42d had five killed and fifteen wounded. In acknowledgment of the creditable course of the little band, Colonel Burrell was requested to keep his sword, and all private property of officers and enlisted men was respected. Seven officers and two hundred and thirty-seven privates were taken prisoners, but were paroled February 18, at Alexandria, La., whither they had been marched one hundred and twenty-five miles, and were subsequently ordered to form a paroled camp at Bayou Gentilly, where they were detained during the rest of their term of service, except the chaplain, who was immediately released.

The first battle of the 19th Army Corps took place at Bisland, in Louisiana, on April 13, 1863. It consisted of an attack on the line of breastworks thrown up by the Confederates on each side of the Teche, the brigade commanded by Colonel Gooding of the 31st and including his regiment. The 31st carried some rifle-pits in the wood by a spirited charge, in which they took two officers and eighty-four men prisoners. Colonel Gooding's main line was formed by the 38th Mass. deployed as skirmishers, followed by the 53d Mass., the regiments replacing each other when the ammunition was expended. As the fight went on, the 4th Mass. was sent forward to the skirmish line. The announcement of General Grover's arrival led to a cessation of the fire, and a general attack was ordered for the next morning; but during the night the works were evacuated and they were occupied without difficulty in the morning, the 53d Mass. being the first to plant its flag on the left bank.1 The 38th Mass. headed the list of casualties with six killed and thirty-nine wounded, the 31st and 53d

1 Irwin, p. 101.

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