previous next

[67] General Green, and fell back on Dudley, both being forced a mile in retreat, until supported by General Paine and ultimately withdrawn by General Grover. Colonel Morgan was ultimately tried and sentenced by court-martial, though this sentence was suspended by General Banks. It was afterwards claimed by the Confederate commander that he lost thirty-three and the Union force one thousand, but Irwin puts this last amount at four hundred and sixty-five, about forty-eight of which fell on the 30th Mass. The 6th Battery had one man wounded and lost one gun, ‘without the least fault on the part of the artillerists,’ says Irwin.1

After General Sherman was wounded at Port Hudson, Gen. Wm. Dwight, Jr., showed great energy in pushing forward the left of the Union line. The troops brigaded under him (1st brigade, 1st division, 19th Army Corps) were not, however, from his own State, nor were many of them engaged in the important twin battles of Sabine Cross Roads and Pleasant Hill, April 8-9, 1864. The Massachusetts troops actually involved were the 3d and 31st Mass. infantries (the latter mounted) and the 2d and 13th batteries, brigaded under Colonel Dudley and assigned to the cavalry division. They lost in all about eighteen killed and about one hundred and fifty wounded, missing or prisoners.

In the battle which took place at the crossing of Cane River, La., April 23, 1864, the 31st and 38th Mass. infantries were again engaged with loss, the 3d Cavalry with some wounded (during several days of skirmishing) and the 13th Battery without loss.2 This was the last pitched battle fought before the transfer of the 19th Army Corps from Louisiana to Virginia, where it was to take part in the Shenandoah campaign.

There were, however, various smaller encounters. In a reconnoissance at the end of April, 1864, the 31st Mass. Infantry formed a part of the advance during the outward march and was the rear guard in returning, having encounters, with slight losses, at Alexandria April 26, at Hudnot's and at Governor Moore's plantations May 1-2, 1864. The 3d Mass. Cavalry, at the same time, was attacked by Quantrell's guerillas near Alexandria and lost four men. Both regiments were also engaged, during the disastrous march down the Red River May 13-18, with losses, by which the 31st especially suffered, at Yellow Bayou having eight killed and

1 Irwin, p. 253.

2 For some reason Irwin fails to give his usual accurate statistics on this occasion. He, however, mentions the 38th Mass. as present (pp. 328, 331)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Irwin (4)
Dudley (2)
T. W. Sherman (1)
Quantrell (1)
Charles J. Paine (1)
J. S. Morgan (1)
Charles D. Moore (1)
C. Grover (1)
James D. Green (1)
William Dwight (1)
Hiram B. Banks (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: