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[69] Henry S. Russell were made prisoners of war, the first named dying of his wounds.

The 2d Mass. Infantry was the first three years regiment raised in the State, and received from its first commander, Col. (afterwards general) George H. Gordon,—himself a graduate of West Point,—a standard of drill and discipline which it never lost. Colonel (afterwards general) Andrews, its second commander, was also a graduate of the academy. In General Gordon's account of this battle he especially compliments Colonel Andrews, Maj. Wilder Dwight1 and Lieuts. Henry B. Scott and Charles P. Horton.

The 12th Mass. Infantry (Colonel Webster) acted as a support in the battle of Cedar Mountain, and there lost Capts. John Ripley and Nathaniel B. Shurtleff. The company commanded by Captain Shurtleff was peculiarly the company of the Boston Latin School, and his death recalled the dignified and tender way in which he had spoken of its possibility when receiving the standard given to his company by that school.2 At that early period of the war, when the public mind was not yet inured to such calamities, the battle of Cedar Mountain created, especially in Massachusetts, a sense of loss and sorrow surpassing that produced by many larger conflicts later in the war.

The engagements at Kelley's Ford, Rappahannock, Kettle Run and Groveton in August cost little to the few Massachusetts regiments engaged, but the second battle of Bull Run (Manassas), fought by Pope on his retreat Aug. 30, 1862, involved a number of Massachusetts regiments in action and nine in actual losses. The severest occurred in that celebrated charge by Hooker's brigade, which included the 1st, 11th and 16th Mass. infantries. In this charge the 16th lost seven officers and one hundred and twelve men killed and wounded in fifteen minutes, and it was estimated that of the two thousand who took part in the charge, more than one-quarter were disabled. Col. Wm. Blaisdell says of this charge: ‘The 11th Regiment, being the battalion of direction, was the first to reach the railroad, and of course received the heaviest of the enemy's fire. This staggered the men an instant, but recovering they gave a wild hurrah and ’

1 A vivid description of the battle may be found in the Life and Letters of Wilder Dwight, p. 278; and others in Gordon's Brook Farm to Cedar Mountain, p. 284, and Walcott's 21st Massachusetts, p. 127. The report of Col. G. L. Andrews (2d Mass.) is in Official War Records, XII (2), 153.

2 See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, II, 44.

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