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[79] peculiarly a militia regiment in its material, and Governor Andrew had said of it: ‘The 13th could furnish officers for a whole regiment, outside of itself, and be no more weakened than is a bird by laying its eggs.’

In the words of Gen. Edward Ferrero, commanding brigade: ‘The 21st Mass. Volunteers (Colonel Clark) . . . acted with the steadiness and courage that they have always shown on the battlefield, and that have won them their high reputation.1 The 35th Mass. Volunteers also behaved splendidly, and though losing their commanding officer, Maj. Sidney Willard,2 early in the fight, still fought with unflinching firmness. . . . Dr. Calvin Cutter, brigade surgeon (formerly of 21st Mass.), although injured on the 13th by a blow from a horse, was unremitting in his attentions to the wounded and was of invaluable service.’3

Lieut. William Hill of the 35th Mass. fell also, and young Lieut. Arthur Dehon of the 12th, detailed as aide to General Meade, who says of him that his loss ‘is greatly to be deplored as that of a young officer of high promise, endeared to all who knew him for his manly virtues and amiable character.’4

The 12th Mass. Infantry was under fire six hours at Fredericksburg, sustaining almost all its losses in the last two hours.5 Among the other officers of various regiments who fell in this battle were Capts. C. A. Dearborn of the 32d Mass., George C. Ruby and Joseph W. Collingwood of the 18th, Thomas Claffee of the 19th, with Edwin J. Weller and John Sullivan and William Holland of the 28th. The 15th lost an admirable surgeon in Dr. S. Foster Haven of Worcester, and his equally useful classmate, Dr. Robert Ware of the 44th, died not long after him.67 The 29th lost no commissioned officer in the battle, but its chaplain, Rev. Henry E. Hempstead of Watertown, died a few days after from its fatigues.

With these great losses closed the prolonged battle of Fredericksburg, and with it the campaign of 1862. The loss of the Union troops had been three times that of their opponents, and the whole affair is now regarded by

1 They fired away their ammunition and were then relieved by the 48th Pennsylvania. (Official War Records, XXI, 322.) For Colonel Clark's report, see p. 327.

2 An officer of remarkable physique and personality, who fell while waving his sword and leading a charge.

3 Official War Records, XXI, 326.

4 Official War Records, XXI, 513. See his memoir in Harvard Memorial Biographies, II, 233.

5 See report of Col. J. L. Bates, Official War Records, XXI, 498.

6 See Harvard Memorial Biographies, I, 192, 238.

7Lee never gained a cheaper victory.’ (Cook's 12th Mass., p. 85.)

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