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[98] cavalry battle of Aldie (June 17) the 1st Mass. Cavalry bore the brunt of the fight, charging through the town, capturing several prisoners and a battle flag, and holding the ground afterwards. Out of three hundred and fifty-eight who went into the fight, twenty-nine were killed or mortally wounded, forty-eight wounded (not mortally) and ninety missing. Lieut. Hugh Carey was mortally wounded, and Maj. H. L. Higginson and Capt. L. M. Sargent were left for dead on the field, though ultimately recovering. Lieuts. C. G. Davis, J. J. Higginson and L. N. Duchesney were taken prisoners.1 It was unquestionably the most important cavalry fight of the war.

On June 27, 1863, General Hooker requested to be relieved of his command, and Maj.-Gen. George G. Meade was his successor.2

Xxi. The Gettysburg campaign.

The Massachusetts troops serving in the Army of the Potomac (Major-General Meade, U. S. A., commanding) at the battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863,3 were the following:—

First Army Corps (Doubleday).

Second Division.—1st Brigade, 13th Mass. Infantry, Col. S. H. Leonard; 2d Brigade, 12th Mass., Col. J. L. Bates.

Second Army Corps (Hancock).

First Division.—2d Brigade, 28th Mass., Col. Richard Byrnes.

Second Division.—1st Brigade, 15th Mass., Col. G. H. Ward; 3d Brigade, 19th Mass., Col. A. F. Devereux; 20th Mass., Col. P. J. Revere.

Third Army Corps (Sickles).

Second Division.—1st Brigade, 1st Mass., Lieut.-Col. C. B. Baldwin; 11th Mass., Lieut.-Col. P. D. Tripp; 16th Mass., Lieut.-Col. Waldo Merriam.

1 See Crowninshield's 1st Cavalry, p. 143.

2 Hooker's military standing is thus summed up by another Massachusetts officer: ‘As a corps commander, or with orders to obey, unless jealousy warped his powers, he was unsurpassed in bravery, devotion and skill. For the burden of supreme command he had neither mental calibre nor equipoise. Self-sufficing stood instead of self-reliance.’ (Dodge's Bird's Eye View, p 134.) Few personal revelations in the war are more remarkable than a letter written by General Hooker to Secretary Chase (after the battle of Lookout Mountain), in which he accuses Grant of false despatches, Meade of utter incapacity, and predicts of Sherman, ‘He will never be successful. Please remember what I tell you.’ (Official War Records, 55, p. 339.) For some of Hooker's strong points, see Cook's 12th Mass. Infantry, p. 99.

3 Official War Records, 43, p. 155.

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