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[99]

Fifth Army Corps (Sykes).

First Division.—1st Brigade, 18th Mass., Col. Joseph Hayes; 22d Mass., Lieut.-Col. Thos. Sherwin, Jr.; 2d Brigade, 9th Mass., Col. P. R. Guiney; 32d Mass., Col. G. L. Prescott; Artillery Brigade (Capt. A. P. Martin), 3d Mass. Light Battery, Lieut. A. F. Walcott.

Sixth Army Corps (Sedgwick).

Third Division.—2d Brigade (Col. H L. Eustis), 7th Mass., Lieut.-Col. F. P. Harlow; 10th Mass., Lieut.-Col J. B. Parsons; 37th Mass., Col. Oliver Edwards; Artillery Brigade, 1st Mass. Light Battery.

Eleventh Army Corps (Howard).

Second Division.—2d Brigade, 33d Mass., Col. A. B. Underwood.

Twelfth Army Corps (Slocum).

First Division.—3d Brigade, 2d Mass., Lieut.-Col. C. R. Mudge.

Cavalry Corps.

Second Division.—1st Brigade, 1st Mass. Cavalry,1 Lieut.-Col. G. S. Curtis.

Artillery Reserve (Tyler).

1st Volunteer Brigade, 5th Light Battery, Capt. C. A. Phillips (with 10th New York Battery attached); 9th Light Battery, Capt. John Bigelow.


In the battle of Willoughby Run or Oak Ridge (July 1, 1863), the opening scene of Gettysburg, the 13th, brigaded under Brig.-Gen. Gabriel R. Paul, was ordered into action against a force so much larger that the regiments of the brigade were detached and had no sufficient support from one another, the 13th being, moreover, on the extreme right. Colonel Leonard was wounded early and the command devolved on Lieut.-Col N W. Batchelder. It lasted for an hour, when the officer in command ordered a charge, capturing one hundred and thirty-two prisoners, including seven officers, but the exposed flank rendered a retreat finally necessary, during which about one hundred of the 13th were taken prisoners. Out of two hundred and sixty muskets in action, the whole loss in killed, wounded and missing was one hundred and eighty-nine.2 The 12th (Col. J. L. Bates), a much

1 This regiment actually served with the Sixth Army Corps, and on the right flank.

2 Lieutenant-Colonel Batchelder's report is in Official War Records, 43, p. 298.

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July 1st, 1863 AD (1)
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