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In the battle of Willoughby Run or Oak Ridge (July 1, 1863), the opening scene of Gettysburg, the 13th, brigaded under Brig.-Gen. Gabriel R. Paul, was ordered into action against a force so much larger that the regiments of the brigade were detached and had no sufficient support from one another, the 13th being, moreover, on the extreme right. Colonel Leonard was wounded early and the command devolved on Lieut.-Col N W. Batchelder. It lasted for an hour, when the officer in command ordered a charge, capturing one hundred and thirty-two prisoners, including seven officers, but the exposed flank rendered a retreat finally necessary, during which about one hundred of the 13th were taken prisoners. Out of two hundred and sixty muskets in action, the whole loss in killed, wounded and missing was one hundred and eighty-nine.2 The 12th (Col. J. L. Bates), a much
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