Second regiment Massachusetts Cavalry.
（1) Col. Charles Russell Lowell
, Brig. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
（2) Col. Caspar Crowninshield
, Bvt. Brig. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
|Field and staff.||Line||A||B||C||D||E||F||G||H||I||K||L||M||Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||3||–||11||2||1||2||2||4||2||–||1||1||7||4||–||40|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||5||4||–||–||–||1||2||–||2||1||1||–||–||16|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 2d Mass. Cavalry was organized in the autumn of 1862. Co. A, the first company formed, being raised in California
by Capt. J. Sewell Read
in November and December, and mustered into service at San Francisco, Cal.
, on December 10; it reached Boston
January 3, and was counted on the quota of that city.
A detachment of five companies, mustered in at Readville, Mass., at varying dates in January and February, 1863, left Massachusetts
Feb. 12, 1863, under command of Maj. Caspar Crowninshield
, and went into camp at Gloucester Point
, opposite Yorktown, Va.
The remaining companies of the regiment, California
furnishing four of these, were organized and mustered into service from February to May, 1863, under Col. Charles Russell Lowell
, and, leaving Readville May 11, encamped near Washington
, moving camp on June 23 to Poolesville, Md.
On August 6 the detachment at Gloucester Point
joined the main body at Centreville, Va.
, and the regiment was united with the 13th and 16th N. Y. Cavalries to form a brigade, with Colonel Lowell
as brigade commander.
On September 15 four companies were detached under Major Thompson
and sent into Maryland
, where they remained until the spring of 1864.
The regiment remained in camp at Centreville, Va.
, until the first of October, on Oct. 9, 1863, moving to Vienna, Va.
, where it remained during the autumn
In July, 1864, the regiment took part in the defence of Washington
, and as part of the 3d Brigade, under Colonel Lowell
, was in constant action during the month of August.
At the battle of the Opequon
, September 19, it was closely engaged, and moved afterwards up the Luray valley
, where, at Luray Court House, a Confederate flag was captured by Philip Baybutt
of Co. A.
In the battle of Cedar Creek
the regiment met its saddest loss, Colonel Lowell
being wounded there, and dying the next day at Middletown, Va.
The regiment went into winter quarters in December at Winchester, Va.
; and at this time, though the regiment numbered 1,100 men, only 15 officers and 500 men were present, 200 were in Southern prisons, over 200 absent, wounded or sick, and over 100 absent on detached service; in January, 175 recruits were added.
In February, 1865, as part of the 1st Division, Reserve Brigade, the regiment advanced to Petersburg
; after the evacuation of Richmond
it engaged in the pursuit of the Confederates
until the surrender of General Lee
Having encamped for a time near Petersburg
, it took part under General Sheridan
's army; participated afterward in the grand review at Washington
, and, after remaining in camp in Fairfax County
until July 20, 1865, was mustered out at Fair.
fax Court House, being finally paid off and discharged Aug. 3, 1865, at Readville, Mass.
Present also at Fort Reno, Poolesville
, Summit Point
, Tom's Brook
, South Anna
, White Oak Road, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's Creek