it, two hundred and sixty-five years ago, when an exploring party came hither, seeking a place for a fortified town which should be the seat of government.
was the ruling spirit in the choice of this place, and Johnson
describes the plan in such quaint words as these: “At this time, those who were in place of civil government, having some additional pillars to underprop the building, began to think of a place of more safety in the eyes of man than the two frontier towns of Boston
were, for the habitation of such as the Lord
had prepared to govern this pilgrim people.
Wherefore they rather made choice to enter further among the Indians than hazard the fury of malignant adversaries who in a rage might pursue them, and therefore chose a place situate on Charles River
, between Charles Towne
and Water Towne
, where they erected a town called New Towne, now named Cambridge
had a “sharp controversy” over this, and Winthrop
seems to have had no notion of coming here to live; but we can have no quarrel with him on that score to-day, as we look across to the gilded dome and reflect that it is in its right place.
There was a ferry at the foot of Dunster Street which served the colonists for twenty years before the Great Bridge
From the ferry a road led through Brookline
, and whoever wished to take another route must make his way through Charlestown
and across a ferry at Copp's Hill
That bridge cost a deal of money, and various expedients were adopted to aid Cambridge
in her bearing of what was justly considered a heavy burden for the poor little town.