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[47] were closely linked to those of the First Church. Church and State were one in those days; Christo et Ecclesiae was the college motto.

In 1638 Newtowne became Cambridge, and the same year the college was called Harvard. Its first leader, Nathaniel Eaton, for maltreating his pupils was dismissed, and for a time Samuel Shepard administered the college affairs. In 1664, however, Henry Dunster became president. He was a member of Shepard Church, as was also Elijah Corlet, master of the “Faire Grammar School,” on the site of which the Washington Grammar School now stands. In 1642 the first college commencement was held in the First Church.

In 1649 a new church was erected on nearly the present site of Dane Hall at Harvard Square. In this same year, before the church was completed, Mr. Shepard died. We have the record of him as “the holy, heavenly, sweet-affecting, soul-ravishing preacher.”

Next to Shepard came Mitchel, almost equally celebrated for piety and eloquence. Cotton Mather and Richard Baxter praise him highly, and President Increase Mather said to his students, “Say, each of you, Mitchel shall be the example whom I will imitate.” During this pastorate, Dunster was convicted of Anabaptist views and was compelled to resign in 1654.

In 1671 Uriah Oakes came over from England to be pastor. After the enforced resignation of President Hoar of Harvard, Oakes was appointed superintendent and later president (1679).

In 1717 came to the church Rev. Nathaniel Appleton, interesting as one who “fell on stirring times.”

At his installation Cotton and Increase Mather

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