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III.—The Popham colony on the Kennebec.

[so much interest was excited by the voyages of Gosnold and Waymouth, that two companies were formed in England for the settlement of America,—the London company and the Plymouth company. Each company sent out a colony in 1606; but the ship sent by the Plymouth company was taken by a Spanish fleet, while the other colony reached Virginia. Then in June, 1607, the Plymouth company sent another colony, under command of Captain George Popham, he being in a vessel called ‘the gift of God,’ accompanied by ‘the Mary and John,’ Captain Raleigh Gilbert. They reached the mouth of the River Sachadehoc, or Kennebec, in August; and the narrative proceeds as follows, as told by Strachey, secretary of the Virginia Colony.]

Captain Popham, in his pinnace, with thirty persons, and Captain Gilbert in his long-boat, with eighteen persons more, went early in the morning from their ship into the River Sachadehoc, to view the river, and to search where they might find a fit place for their plantation. They sailed up into the river near forty leagues, and found it to be a very gallant river, very deep, and seldom less water than three fathom,. . . whereupon they proceeded no farther, but, in their return homewards, observed many goodly islands therein, and many branches of other small rivers falling into it.

They all went ashore, and there made choice of a

James I.

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