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[281]

I.—Discovery of the Hudson River.

[Hudson sailed from Amsterdam, on his third voyage, March 25, 1609. these extracts are from the diary of Robert Juet, one of his men, beginning on the day when they saw sandy hook, at the entrance of what is now New York harbor, Sept. 2, 1609.]


Then the sun arose, and we steered away north again, and saw the land from the west by north, to the north-west by north, all like broken islands;1 and our soundings were eleven and ten fathoms.2 Then we luffed3 in for the shore, and fair by the shore we had seven fathoms. The course along the land we found to be north-east by north from the land which we had first sight of, until we came to a great lake of water, as we could judge it to be, being drowned land,4 which made it to rise like islands, which was in length ten leagues. The mouth of that land hath many shoals, and the sea breaketh on them as it is cast out of the mouth of it. And from that lake or

1 Sandy Hook.

2 A fathom is six feet.

3 Sailed to windward.

4 Flats covered by the tide.

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