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[102] grass, and lakes wherein great plenty of salmons be. They call a hatchet in their tongue, cochi;and a knife bacon:we named it the bay of heat.1

Ii.—Cartier sets up a cross.

Upon the 24th of the month,2 we caused a fair high cross to be made of the height of thirty feet, which was made in the presence of many of them, upon the point of the entrance of the said haven,3 in the midst whereof we hanged up a shield with three fleurde-lis4 in it; and in the top was carved in the wood with antique letters this posy,5 Vive le Roi de France. Then before them all we set it upon the said point. They with great heed6 beheld both the making and setting of it up. So soon as it was up, we all together kneeled down before them, with our hands toward heaven, yielding God thanks; and we made signs unto them, showing them the heavens, and that all our salvation dependeth only on Him which in them dwelleth: whereat they showed a great admiration, looking first one at another, and then upon the cross. And, after we were returned to our ships, their captain, clad with an old bear's-skin, with three of his sons and a brother of his with him, came unto us in one of their boats; but they came not so near us as they were wont to do. There he made a long oration unto us, showing us the cross we had set up, and making a cross with his two fingers. Then did he show us all the country

1 1 Chaleur,signifying heat in French.

2 July, 1534.

3 Gaspe Bay.

4 The arms of France.

5 Motto.

6 Attention.

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