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I.—Cartier's visit to Bay of Chaleur.

[Jacques Cartier was born in 1494, at St. Malo, a principal port of Brittany, France. He was bred to the sea; and, having made fishing-voyages to the Grand banks of Labrador, he desired to make an exploration farther west. For this purpose an expedition was fitted out by King Francis I. Of France, as is described below.]

The first relation1 of Jacques Cartier of St. Malo, of the new land called New France,2 newly discovered in the year of our Lord 1534. . . .

After that, Sir Charles of Mouy, Knight, Lord of Meilleraie, and Vice-Admiral of France, had caused the captains, masters, and mariners of the ships to be sworn to behave themselves faithfully in the service of the most Christian King of France. Under the charge of the said Cartier, we departed from the Port of St.

1 Description.

2 In the map of Ortelius, published in 1572, the name of New France is applied to the whole of both North and South America. ‘The application of this name dates back to a period immediately after the voyage of Verrazzano; and the Dutch voyagers are especially free in their use of it, out of spite to the Spaniards.’—Parkman.

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