Still it remained to try the issue of a general battle between the two united armies.
The Confederate columns were accordingly put in motion on the morning of the 1st of July, Jackson
's corps leading.
A march of a few miles brought the pursuers again in contact with the army, which was found occupying a commanding ridge, extending obliquely across
the line of march, in advance of Malvern Hill
In front of this strong position the ground was open, varying in width from a quarter to half a mile, sloping gradually from the crest, and giving a free field of fire.
The approaches were over a broken and thickly wooded country, traversed nearly throughout its whole extent by a swamp passable at but few places, and difficult at those.1
On this admirable position General McClellan
had concentrated his army, prepared to receive final battle.