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[362] escaped unhurt, while of its rank and file three-fourths were dead or captives. Pettigrew's division, also, though it had faltered earlier, was much cut up and lost many officers, besides heavily in killed, wounded, and prisoners. But this illustrious victory was not purchased without severe price paid; and this was sadly attested in the thousands of dead and wounded that lay on the plain. The loss in officers was again especially heavy; and among the wounded were Generals Gibbon and Hancock; but the latter did not leave the field till he learned the tidings of the discomfiture of the enemy.

After the repulse of Pickett's assault, Wilcox's command, that had been on the right but failed to move forward, advanced by itself to the attack, and came to within a few hundred yards of Hancock's line; but in passing over the plain it met severe artillery fire, and Stannard detached a force1 which took it in flank and rear, capturing several hundred prisoners: the rest fled.2 This ended the combat, though towards dusk General Crawford advanced across the wheatfield into the woods and took several hundred prisoners and a large number of arms. During the action, the cavalry had been operating on the flanks, Kilpatrick's division on the left, and Gregg's division on the right. Both divisions displayed much gallantry and suffered heavy loss.3

When the shattered columns of attack returned to their

1 The Sixteenth Vermont, supported by a detachment of the Fourteenth Vermont.

2 It had not been designed that Wilcox should attack, but simply cover, the right flank of Pickett's assaulting column. But he did not move forward with sufficient promptness to effect the former purpose, and when Pickett had been repulsed, he made a foolish and isolated attack. Thus, in the first instance, he did not move forward enough, and in the second he moved too far.

3 The scope of this work does not permit the recital of the details of the numerous cavalry affairs; but I cannot forbear to mention the very spirited attack on Hood's right by the brigades of Farnesworth and Merritt, operating on the left flank of the army. Farnesworth, with the First Vermont and First Virginia Cavalry, cleared a fence in his front, sabred the enemy behind it, and then rushed on the second line and up to the muzzles of the guns, where most of them fell, and their gallant leader at their head.

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Pickett (3)
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