While the Protectorate of Cromwell
was a favored colony, and the inhabitants of Cambridge
shared the general benefit of political and ecclesiastical privileges.
But his death, and the incompetency of his son Richard, prepared the way for the accession (or Restoration, as it was styled) of Charles the Second, who, on the twenty-ninth day of May, 1660, the anniversary of his birth, entered London
From this time a constant struggle for chartered rights was maintained for many years, resulting in the forcible abrogation of the old charter.
In this struggle, Cambridge
men were active participants.
It is related by Hutchinson
, under date of 1660, that, “in the ship which arrived from London
the 27th of July there came passengers Col. Whaley
and Col. Goffe
, two of the late King
's judges. . . . . They did not attempt to conceal their persons or characters when they arrived at Boston
, but immediately went to the governor, Mr. Endicot
, who received them very courteously.
They were visited by the principal persons of the town, and among others they take notice of Col. Crown
's coming to see them.
He was a noted royalist.
Although they did not disguise themselves yet they chose to reside at Cambridge
, a village about four miles distant from the town, where they went the first day they arrived. . . . . The 22d of February the Governor
summoned a court of assistants to consult about securing them, but the court did not agree to it. Finding it unsafe to remain any longer, they left Cambridge
the 26th following and arrived at New Haven the 7th of March.”
The particular reason why they selected Cambridge
for their residence does not distinctly appear.
A principal inhabitant of the town, Edward Goffe
, was the namesake of one of the regicides, and may have been his brother or cousin; but I have found no proof of such relationship.
Perhaps their acquaintance with Captain Gookin
may have induced them to reside here.
In a “Narrative of the Commissioners
about New England
,” published by Hutchinson
in his “Collection of Papers,” 2
it is alleged that “Col. Whaley
were entertained by the magistrates with great solemnity and feasted ”