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‘ [220] Regular service.’ On the 13th of May, 1862, he was promoted First Lieutenant. In a letter of the 16th of the same month, dated near Fredericksburg, he thus mentions one of his first experiences of the hardships of the march:—

We arrived here at twelve A. M., on Wednesday, in a pouring rain, after a march of thirty-four miles. We started on Monday at twelve A. M.,—just forty-eight hours. Tuesday we marched eighteen miles under the hottest sun, in the heat of the day, and did it at the rate of two miles per hour. Every step seemed to be the last; but I was bound to go in with the regiment. Only two companies brought in more men than I did.

Meanwhile he had learned the true feeling of an officer towards his men. He says:—

I do this to show the boys I take an interest in their sending their money home, and so encourage it. I want them to feel I am interested in them, and will do what I can to assist them.

At Cedar Mountain he had his first taste of battle. He writes:—

I was ordered to mount “Joe,” and take an order to the wagon-train. When I returned the regiment had moved toward the firing. The firing commenced about two. . . . I caught the regiment about six, and dismounted and took my place in the company. We reached the field about half past 7. About eight o'clock we were in first position, and a shell came and exploded over us. We moved quickly, supposing the Rebels were at least a mile or two off. When we reached the second position, what was our surprise to receive a volley of rifle-balls; for a moment I feared the regiment would break. We were marching by the flank, and the men started a little for the right. Every officer promptly stopped them, brought them to the front, and ordered them to lie down on their bellies. We delivered one volley, the Rebel battery opening with shell and grapeshot all the time. The rifle firing lasted from fifteen to twenty minutes, and the enemy were within fifty yards. . . . We were under fire about two hours and a half, and only about five men left the ranks, none from our company. . . . . The time we were under fire seemed to me about half an hour. I did not feel frightened or want to run, but I could not help stooping to avoid the shells, though they were not half so bad as the rifle-balls. The

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Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (1)
Cedar Mountain (Virginia, United States) (1)

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May 13th, 1862 AD (1)
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