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[78] Law of Nations, ‘much read in America,’ and Mad. Kestner, the original of Goethe's ‘Charlotte.’ The following are passages from his journal in Hanover:—

Hanover, September 20, 1815.—This morning I called on Count Munster, Minister of State for Hanover. I found him a man of about forty-five, well-built, tall, and genteel. He speaks English like a native, and though his conversation was not very acute, it was discursive and pleasant. I remained with him only a few moments, as there were several persons in waiting when I was admitted, whose business was much more important, I doubt not, than mine; but the impression I brought away of his character was distinct,—that he is a man of benevolence, considerable activity, and, though not of extraordinary talents, yet of such talents as fit him to be at the head of such a little principality as this. I shall not soon forget the praise which Blumenbach gave him, that he is a minister who never made a promise which he did not fulfil. . . . . The rest of the morning I passed in the library. I found there many curiosities. Indeed, the library itself, considered as the work of Leibnitz,—which for a long time was so small that he kept it in his house, but which now amounts to eighty thousand volumes,—is no common curiosity. But, besides this, we were shown the Mss. of the Bishop of Salisbury (Burnet), which Dr. Noehden has recently published; his letters to Leibnitz, and indeed the whole of Leibnitz's immense correspondence, filling forty or fifty large drawers; the handwriting of Luther, which was fine; that of Melancthon, which was execrable; a curious and exquisitely beautiful Ms. of the German translation of the book of Esther, made about a hundred years ago, on one roll of parchment; but, above all the rest, the entire collection of Leibnitz Mss on subjects of politics, mathematics, philosophy, history, divinity, and indeed nearly every branch of human knowledge, in Latin, Greek, English, French, Italian, and German, in prose and poetry, printed and unprinted. They made an enormous mass. . . . . Yet no man ever wrote with more care, no man ever blotted, and altered, and copied more than Leibnitz. There are instances in this collection in which he had written the same letter three times over, and finally amended it so much as to be obliged to give it to his secretary to make the last copy; and all this, too, on an occasion of little importance. Still he found time for everything, and was, I imagine, the most general scholar of his time. At any rate, in the extent of his acquirements he far surpassed his more fortunate and greater rival.


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