Both powers held their authority directly from God, ‘not so, however, that the Roman Prince is not in some things subject to the Roman Pontiff, since that human felicity [to be attained only by peace, justice, and good government, possible only under a single ruler] is in some sort ordained to the end of immortal felicity. Let Caesar use that reverence toward Peter which a first-born son ought to use toward a father; that, shone upon by the light of paternal grace, he may ’
Rome, that reformed the world, accustomed wasBecause, being joined one feareth not the other.
Two suns to have which one road and the other,
Of God and of the world, made manifest.
One has the other quenched, and to the crosier
The sword is joined, and ill beseemeth it,Purgatorio, XVI. 106-112.
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1 Convito, Tr. IV. c. 7. ‘Qui descenderit ad inferos, non ascendet.’ Job VII. 9.
2 But it may he inferred that he put the interests of mankind above both. ‘For citizens,’ he says, ‘exist not for the sake of consuls, nor the people for the sake of the king, but, on the contrary, consuls for the sake of citizens, and the king for the sake of the people.’
3 Paradiso, VIII. 145, 146.
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