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[177] Pond with the Town Dock (where the market now stands), rendering the North End an island.

Hanover street then, as now, was the main avenue north-easterly through Salem street; it was laid out at an early date, skirting the west side of Copp's Hill.

Boston was built originally upon the narrow reaches of level land lying at the foot of its three hills, bordering on the numerous coves and arms of the sea which environed it.

The “Book of Possessions,” which may have been prepared within fifteen years of the settlement of the town, and certainly in less than twenty-five years of that date, gives us the proof that a certain number of highways had been established. Although no regular names were given to these streets at that time, nearly all of them have continued, in about the same places, to be used down to the present time. Thus, we find State street with the Town House at its head. Then Washington street, running south to Boylston and Essex streets. School street stretched up to the foot of Beacon Hill; that is to say, about to Tremont place. Milk street extended a little distance, until crossed by the marsh. Summer and Bedford streets existed to their junction at Church Green, and from there a road stretched up to Fort Hill. Essex street was to be found, and from its corner there was a road along the beach at the South Cove to Roxbury. West and Winter streets were lost in the open Common, wherein Tremont street probably existed as a cart-road. Court street and Tremont row were in existence; Sudbury street led directly to the water, or the Mill Pond; Cambridge,

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