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 a brigade at Bowling Green. At Shiloh he distinguished himself, and covered the retreat of the army there and at Corinth. Having been promoted major-general April 14, 1862, he commanded a division at Vicksburg. He defeated the enemy at Baton Rouge, took possession of Port Hudson, marched to the relief of Bragg, and made a desperate charge at Murfreesboro. In 1863 he joined General Joseph E. Johnston in Mississippi, and repelled the enemy at Jackson. Returning to Bragg, he participated in the battle of Chickamauga and commanded a corps at Missionary Ridge. May 15, 1864, he defeated Sigel at New Market, Va., rejoined General Lee, and protected the communications during Sheridan's raid, and did good service at Cold Harbor. Then in conjunction with General Early he discomfited the Federals under Hunter, and made the campaign in Maryland, defeating Wallace at Monocacy. Subsequently he fought in the valley until given command in Southwest Virginia, whence he was called to the cabinet. On the collapse of the government he escaped to Cuba, and visited Canada and Europe before returning home. He then became vice-president of the Lexington and Big Sandy railroad. His death occurred May 17, 1875, at Lexington.
John Archibald Campbell, assistant secretary of war, was a Georgian by his birth in Washington, Wilkes county, in that State, June 24, 1811. His grandfather served on the staff of Major-General Greene during the revolution, and his father, Duncan G. Campbell, was a distinguished lawyer, and otherwise prominent in the-public affairs of the State. The education of Judge Campbell was obtained through the schools of his State, and in the university of Georgia, where he was graduated in 1826 with the first honors. He also had two years as a cadet at West Point, but resigned that position on the death of his father in 1828. He was admitted to the bar with Robert Toombs by special act of the legislature of Georgia
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