, who was a native of Carroll county, Maryland
, but had lived all his life in Pennsylvania
and had served that State in the Senate of the United States with honor to himself and distinction to his State, was commissioned brigadier-general by the Federal
authority, and assigned to the duty of raising and organizing the militia of the State of Maryland
for Federal service.
The governor and State authority were thus superseded by the Federal
government, as the legislature was shortly afterward dispersed, imprisoned and disbanded, the judges ignored and the courts trampled under foot.
The Constitution of the United States
as well as that of Maryland
was thus suspended and another instance given, as has been done since history began, that ‘inter arma silent leges’—in time of war paper guarantees and written agreements have no force.
It was freely asserted by the great legal authorities, by learned lawyers and great judges, supporting the Union
side, that ‘constitutions are not made for war times!’
's army, after retiring from Virginia
, on the expiration of the time of its ninety-day men, was camped at Williamsport
, where during the summer it was reinforced by new recruits.
Maj.-Gen. N. P. Banks
was assigned to command this army and picketed the Potomac
to Harper's Ferry
. Maj.-Gen. Joseph Hooker
with a division was posted in southern Maryland
, and picketed the Potomac
to its mouth.
Forty thousand men were thus occupied in guarding Maryland
along the line of the Potomac
Another division was posted in Baltimore
with garrisons at every county town in the State
The November election of 1861 was considered of great consequence to the Union
side in that State.
, in his zeal not to raise his arm against a sister Southern State, applied to General Banks
to work into the Maryland
election so that a killing majority shall be rolled up against secessionism.
issued an order