would find it difficult to survive the winter in this devastated region, and few dwelling-houses were left standing from the Narrows to the Gauley
along the main lines of travel.
For lack of subsistence, Echols
withdrew to the Princeton
line, and Jenkins
was ordered into Greenbrier
and Pocahontas counties
This was the situation as winter came on in 1862, practically the same as in the previous year at that season.
In the Northeast
there had been active operations fol-. lowing the battle of Sharpsburg
's occupation of the lower Shenandoah valley.
A few days before Stuart
set out on his famous Chambersburg
raid around Mc-Clellan's army, Col. J. D. Imboden
had made an attempt to destroy the Cheat river
bridge, but was prevented by the daring of a Union woman, who rode 25 miles through the woods to warn the enemy.
He next made a raid to Romney
, seized the town and scouted toward the railroad, drawing a party of the enemy into ambush.
He reported, ‘We unhorsed fifteen of the rascals, wounding several; captured two unhurt,’ and horses and arms.
He had now about 900 men, but only 600 armed, and with this little force kept Kelley
with 2,500 men running up and down the railroad.
did much to restore order in Hardy county
, and reported that the mountains were full of willing recruits for the Confederate
He also gathered cattle and other supplies under the orders of General Lee
In November Imboden
made an expedition which, in connection with reports that Stonewall Jackson
with 40,000 men had returned to the Shenandoah valley, created consternation in the North
and caused the recall of many Federal regiments from the Kanawha valley
with 310 mounted men set out from his Hardy county
camp on the 7th, in a snowstorm, for Cheat river
All the next day he marched along a cattle path over the Alleghanies
, his men being compelled by the storm to dismount and lead their horses.