on the right of the Fifth.
These regiments and some batteries resisted the enemy's advance, twice repulsing their attacks, and gave the retreating men opportunity to rally and other batteries time to withdraw.
By extending their lines the Federals
finally forced these regiments from the field.
The mass of the Confederate army retreated along Sandy ridge
for some distance, then took a road leading to the Valley turnpike
, and then, slowly but sullenly, retired five or six miles to their trains in the vicinity of Newtown
, having lost 691 men, of whom 80 were killed, 340 wounded (some 70 of these left on the field) and 260 missing. The Federals held the field of battle, captured two disabled guns and 200 or 300 prisoners. They made no pursuit, and Jackson
's rear spent the night where his command had massed in the afternoon.
Six days after the battle Shields
was uncertain as to his losses, but reported his killed as 103, the wounded as 441, and the missing as 24, a total of 568.
The day after the battle the citizens of Winchester
, mainly men past middle age, obtained permission to bury the Confederate
dead, and its noble women did all they were allowed to do in caring for the wounded.
firmly believed that his failure was the result of the retreat ordered by General Garnett
, and circumstances, months afterward, showed that he continued in that belief.
To teach his subordinates a lesson, and to show them and others what he expected should be done under similar circumstances, he placed Garnett
under arrest and relieved him from his command.
For this he has been censured by writers ignorant of the facts in the case.
Those who knew Jackson
can testify that in this case, as in others for which he has been blamed, he was not animated by animosity or personal feeling.
After the Seven Days battles, Garnett
was released from arrest and subsequently fell at Gettysburg
leading a brigade.
On the 24th Jackson
retired to the south side of Cedar creek
and then fell back to his former camps near Mt. Jackson
, holding the line of Stony creek
which his engineer, after a careful examination, had recommended as the best one for defense in all that region.
, confident that Jackson
would not have brought on such an engagement without expecting reinforcements, hastened, the night after the battle, to bring