cavalry and artillery, while Jackson
, by his magnificent strategy, was confronting him with a tactic force of near 15,000 of all arms.
selected a fine defensive position in front of Winchester
The gallant Gordon
, with his brave New Englanders and western men and one Pennsylvania
regiment, was placed by Banks
on a low ridge, sloping gently to the south but abruptly to the north, just in front of the town, with its left on the Valley turnpike
and its right extending westward along the ascending ridge in front of Winchester
, while skirmishers were thrown out in advance and guns were placed on either flank.
's cavalry supported the center.
's brigade, of Connecticut
, New York and Pennsylvania
troops, was placed on the left of the turnpike and extended around to the eastward of Winchester
, covering the Front Royal
roads, with eight pieces of artillery in a commanding position; the Federal
line, forming the arc of a circle, covering Winchester
from the west around by the south to the east.
, personally, had with his Valley men pressed, with all the energy at his command, the pursuit of the Federal
army, and just at dawn he discovered the coveted position in front of Winchester
occupied by the enemy.
He promptly ordered Winder
, of the Stonewall brigade, to drive them from this position as speedily as possible, first taking possession of a commanding crest in the enemy's front, from which Gordon
promptly moved the Second Massachusetts further to his right to lengthen his line and guard against the threatened flank attack.
massed his abundant artillery and opened fire on the Federal
guns in place, extended his left by ordering up Taylor
with his Louisianians, who, passing behind Winder
, formed on his left, overlapping the Federal
He sent the Tenth Virginia to extend Taylor
's line still further to the left, and the Twenty-third to promptly strengthen his right.
This formidable battle array soon moved forward, regardless of the enemy's destructive fire of musketry and artillery, swept them from the crest of the hill down the steep to the northward and across the fields and through the town of Winchester
, bearing down all opposition, cheered forward by old men and matrons, maidens and children who crowded the sides of the streets as the Confederate